Item Method/Instrument
Soil profile examination FAO/ISRIC (1990) : Guidelines for Soil Descreption, 3rd Edition, FAO, Rome
Three phase distribution Volumenometer (DIK-1000, Daiki Rika Kogyo Co., Ltd, Japan)
Saturated hydraulic conductivity Permeameter (DIK-4000, Daiki Rika Kogyo Co., Ltd, Japan) 
Water retention curve pF meter
Total carbon NC analyzer (SUMIGRAPH NC-900, Sumika Chemical Analysis Service, Japan)
Total nitrogen NC analyzer (SUMIGRAPH NC-900, Sumika Chemical Analysis Service, Japan)
Exchangeable bases AAS (AA-6200, SHIMADZU Co., Japan) --Schollenberger method
Heat capacity Specific Hear Sensor (Thermal Logic, USA)
Thermal conductivity Specific Hear Sensor (Thermal Logic, USA)